Honey is in the TOP 10 list of products that are most at risk of food fraud, according to the EU Commission (*1). Codex Alimentarius Commission has created the set standard for honey to protect the health of the consumers and to ensure fair trade practices (*2). The most common practices are the addition of sugars and mislabeled geographical origin.
EIM-IRMS method is capable of generating unique and non-reproducible isotope fingerprint of the original product used for geographical origin declaration.
Detection of added sugars
can detect addition of various sugar syrups from industrial plants such as Sugar Beer, Corn, Wheat, Potato, Rise etc
EIM-IRMS method can detect addition of various sugar syrups from industrial plants such as sugar beet, corn, wheat, potato, rice, etc during production. Detection is done for known and unknown samples by measuring relative ratio of non-exchangeable Hydrogen stable isotopes (D/H)n (δDn) in ethanol previously quantitatively extracted from fermented honey samples.
*1 European Parliament Report (2013). On the food crisis, fraud chain and the control thereof (2013/2091 (INI)). Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+REPORT+A7-2013-0434+0+DOC+PDF+V0//EN)
*2 CODEX STAN 12-1981. REVISED CODEX STANDARD FOR HONEY CODEX STAN 12-1981, Rev.1 (1987), Rev.2 (2001). ( http://teca.fao.org/resource/codex-alimentarius-honey-standard)